Optimizing Small Molecule Activation and Cleavage in Three-Coordinate M[N(R)Ar]
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Christian, GJ and Stranger, R and Yates, BF, Optimizing Small Molecule Activation and Cleavage in Three-Coordinate M[N(R)Ar]
3 Complexes, Inorganic Chemistry, 45, (17) pp. 6851-6859. ISSN 0020-1669 (2006) [Refereed Article]
The sterically hindered, three-coordinate metal systems M[N(R)Ar] 3 (R = tBu, iPr; Ar = 3,5-C6H 3Me2) are known to bind and activate a number of fundamental diatomic molecules via a [Ar(R)N]3M-L-L-M[N(R)Ar] 3 dimer intermediate. To predict which metals are most suitable for activating and cleaving small molecules such as N2, NO, CO, and CN-, the M-L bond energies in the L-M(NH2)3 (L = O, N, C) model complexes were calculated for a wide range of metals, oxidation states, and dn (n = 2-6) configurations. The strongest M-O, M-N, and M-C bonds occurred for the d2, d3, and d4 metals, respectively, and for these dn configurations, the M-C and M-O bonds were calculated to be stronger than the M-N bonds. For isoelectronic metals, the bond strengths were found to increase both down a group and to the left of a period. Both the calculated N-N bond lengths and activation barriers for N2 bond cleavage in the (H2N)3M-N-N- M(NH2)3 intermediate dimers were shown to follow the trends in the M-N bond energies. The three-coordinate complexes of Ta II, WIII, and NbII are predicted to deliver more favorable N2 cleavage reactions than the experimentally known MoIII system and the ReIIITaIII dimer, [Ar(R)N]3-Re-CO-Ta[N(R)Ar]3, is thermodynamically best suited for cleaving CO. © 2006 American Chemical Society.
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