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Comparison of Different Contactless Conductivity Detectors for the Determination of Small Inorganic Ions by Capillary Electrophoresis


Kuban, P and Evenhuis, CJ and Macka, M and Haddad, PR and Hauser, PC, Comparison of Different Contactless Conductivity Detectors for the Determination of Small Inorganic Ions by Capillary Electrophoresis, Electroanalysis, 18, (13-14) pp. 1289-1296. ISSN 1040-0397 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1002/elan.200603528


The analytical performance parameters of four different contactless conductivity detectors for capillary electrophoresis were determined. These detectors were designed either with a miniature cell for versatility, with high voltage excitation for high sensitivity or with a battery power supply for field application. One of the units is commercially available. The plate numbers and reproducibility of peak areas (typically about 2%) were very similar, indicating that these parameters are generally limited by the separation and injection procedures rather than the detectors. The linear dynamic ranges are better than 2 orders of magnitude for all detectors and the correlation coefficients were also almost identical. Significant differences were found with regard to the detection limits. For the detector with a miniature cell, which lacks an in-cell amplifier, the detection limit was typically 1.5 μM for the inorganic ions tested (K+, Ca2+, Na+, Mg2+, Li +, Cl-, NO3 - and SO4 2-), while with the other 3 detectors this parameter was as low as about 0.1 μM. The use of buffer solutions with relatively high background conductivity was found to lead to detection limits which were up to one order of magnitude higher. The extent of deterioration of this parameter with buffer conductivity was found to be related to the excitation voltage and was most pronounced for the high voltage detector. © 2006 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Separation science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Evenhuis, CJ (Dr Christopher Evenhuis)
UTAS Author:Macka, M (Professor Mirek Macka)
UTAS Author:Haddad, PR (Professor Paul Haddad)
ID Code:43028
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:31
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2009-11-18

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