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A method to reconstruct past accumulation rates in alpine firn regions: A study on Fiescherhorn, Swiss Alps

Citation

Schwerzmann, A and Funk, M and Blatter, H and Luethi, M and Schwikowski, M and Palmer, AS, A method to reconstruct past accumulation rates in alpine firn regions: A study on Fiescherhorn, Swiss Alps, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, 111, (F1) pp. F01014. ISSN 0148-0227 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1029/2005JF000283

Abstract

Annual snow layers in the accumulation zone of glaciers become thinner by viscous deformation while moving to greater depth. The reconstruction of the accumulation rate history requires the correction of the thickness of annual layers. We apply a novel method to determine the vertical velocity by repeated survey with a caliper probe of grooves scratched into the wall of a borehole. With this information and the assumptions of steady state velocity and density fields, the correction of layer thicknesses can be determined without knowledge of the ice density profile and thus can be applied to boreholes without ice cores. The method is applied to a borehole on Fiescherhorn, Swiss Alps, resulting in a substantially larger correction than with the simpler method of Nye (1963). Copyright 2006 by the American Geophysical Union.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Palmer, AS (Dr Anne Palmer)
ID Code:43021
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2011-11-07
Downloads:0

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