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Robustness of surrogates of biodiversity in marine benthic communites


Magierowski, RH and Johnson, CR, Robustness of surrogates of biodiversity in marine benthic communites, Ecological Applications, 16, (6) pp. 2264-2275. ISSN 1051-0761 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1890/1051-0761(2006)016[2264:ROSOBI]2.0.CO;2


The usefulness of surrogates to estimate complex variables describing community structure, such as the various components of biodiversity, is long established. Most attention has been given to surrogates of species richness and species diversity and has focused on identifying a subset of taxa as a surrogate of total community richness or diversity. In adopting a surrogate measure, it is assumed that the relationship between the surrogate(s) and total richness or diversity is consistent in both space and time. These assumptions are rarely examined explicitly. We examined the robustness of potential surrogates of familial richness and multivariate community structure for macrofauna communities inhabiting artificial kelp holdfasts by comparing among communities of dissimilar ages and among communities established at different times of the year. This is important because most benthic "landscapes" will be a mosaic of patches reflecting different intensities, frequencies, and timing of disturbances. The total abundance of organisms and familial richness of crustaceans or polychaetes were all good predictors of total familial richness (R2 > 0.68). In contrast, while the familial richness of other groups, such as mollusks and echinoderms, were well correlated with total familial richness for communities at an early stage of development, the strength of these relationships declined with community age. For multivariate community structure, carefully selected subsets of ∼10% of the total taxa yielded similar patterns to the total suite of taxa, irrespective of the age of the community. Thus, useful surrogates of both familial richness and multivariate community structure can be identified for this type of community. However, the choice of technique for selecting surrogate taxa largely depends on the nature of the pilot data available, and careful selection is required to ensure that surrogates perform consistently across different-aged communities. While the specific taxa selected as surrogates will vary among different communities, and possibly even among similar communities at different sites, the techniques and the concepts we address are applicable to any community type. © 2006 by the Ecological Society of America.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems
UTAS Author:Magierowski, RH (Dr Regina Magierowski)
UTAS Author:Johnson, CR (Professor Craig Johnson)
ID Code:42739
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:36
Deposited By:TAFI - Zoology
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2007-04-27

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