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DNA as a Dietary Biomarker in Antarctic Krill, Euphausia superba


Passmore, A and Jarman, SN and Swadling, KM and Kawaguchi, SR and McMinn, A and Nicol, S, DNA as a Dietary Biomarker in Antarctic Krill, Euphausia superba, Marine Biotechnology, 8, (6) pp. 686-696. ISSN 1436-2228 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10126-005-6088-8


The diet of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) has been studied using a variety of techniques, but current methods still suffer from problems that are difficult to solve. This study examined an alternative approach utilizing DNA as a prey biomarker. Methods were developed for the preservation, extraction, and identification of prey DNA from krill collected in the field. Group-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify diatom prey (Phylum: Bacillariophyta) and the results from DNA clone libraries were compared with microscopic diet analysis. DNA analysis was superior to microscopy for prey detection. However, differences in prey relative abundance estimates between the two techniques suggested some bias in the DNA-based estimates. Quantification showed that large amounts of prey DNA had been successfully preserved and extracted. Overall the results suggest that the application of DNA-based diet analysis to krill warrants further investigation, particularly for prey that are difficult to study using other methods. © 2006 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Invertebrate biology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Biodiversity in Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
UTAS Author:Passmore, A (Dr Abraham Passmore)
UTAS Author:Swadling, KM (Associate Professor Kerrie Swadling)
UTAS Author:McMinn, A (Professor Andrew McMinn)
ID Code:42239
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:39
Deposited By:IASOS
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2007-10-19

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