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Numerical and experimental studies of the flow field in a cyclone dryer


Bunyawanichakul, P and Kirkpatrick, MP and Sargison, JE and Walker, GJ, Numerical and experimental studies of the flow field in a cyclone dryer, ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, 128, (6) pp. 1240-1248. ISSN 0098-2202 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1115/1.2354523


The performance of a newly developed cyclone dryer is investigated using RANS-based single-phase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and experimental model studies. The cyclone dryer is a cylindrical tower, divided by conical orifices into several chambers; recirculation of the flow within individual chambers ensures adequate retention time for drying of the transported solid material. Numerical calculations are performed using the commercial CFD code CFX5.7 for different mesh types, turbulence models, advection schemes, and mesh resolution. Results of the simulation are compared with data from experimental model studies. The RNG k-epsi; turbulence model with hexahedral mesh gives satisfactory results. A significant improvement in CFD prediction is obtained when using a second order accurate advection scheme. Useful descriptions of the axial and tangential velocity distributions are obtained, and the pressure drop across the cyclone dryer chamber is predicted with an error of approximately 10%. The optimized numerical model is used to predict the influence of orifice diameter and chamber height on total pressure drop coefficient. Copyright © 2006 by ASME.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Mechanical engineering
Research Field:Mechanical engineering not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Energy
Objective Group:Renewable energy
Objective Field:Hydro-electric energy
UTAS Author:Bunyawanichakul, P (Mr Pracha Bunyawanichakul)
UTAS Author:Sargison, JE (Dr Jane Sargison)
UTAS Author:Walker, GJ (Professor Greg Walker)
ID Code:41445
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:12
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2007-10-23

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