Prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behavior among regular ecstasy users in Australia
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White, B and Day, C and Degenhardt, L and Kinner, S and Fry, C and Bruno, RB and Johnston, J, Prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behavior among regular ecstasy users in Australia, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 83, (3) pp. 210-217. ISSN 0376-8716 (2006) [Refereed Article]
Background: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behaviour among a sentinel sample of ecstasy users. Methods: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted with regular ecstasy users as part of an annual monitoring study of ecstasy and related drug markets in all Australian capital cities. Results: Twenty-three percent of the sample reported having ever injected a drug and 15% reported injecting in the 6 months preceding interview. Independent predictors of lifetime injection were older age, unemployment and having ever been in prison. Completion of secondary school and identifying as heterosexual was associated with a lower likelihood of having ever injected. Participants who had recently injected typically did so infrequently; only 9% reported daily injecting. Methamphetamine was the most commonly injected drug. Prevalence of needle sharing was low (6%), although half (47%) reported sharing other injecting equipment in the preceding 6 months. Conclusions: Ecstasy users who report having injected a drug at some time appear to be demographically different to ecstasy users who have not injected although neither are they typical of other drug injectors. The current investigation suggests that ongoing monitoring of injecting among regular ecstasy users is warranted. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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