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Evaluating the applicability of optic microswitches for eyelid responses in students with profound multiple disabilities

Citation

Tota, A and Lancioni, GE and Singh, NN and O'Reilly, MF and Sigafoos, J and Oliva, D, Evaluating the applicability of optic microswitches for eyelid responses in students with profound multiple disabilities, Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 1, (4) pp. 217-223. ISSN 1748-3115 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1080/17483100600753253

Abstract

Purpose. The two studies reported here served as replication and extension of preliminary research on the use of optic microswitches for eyelid responses with students with profound multiple disabilities. Method. In Study I, a young boy was taught to use the same combination of upward eyelid movement and optic microswitch utilized before. In Study II, an adolescent was taught to use a new combination of single blink response and optic microswitch. Study I included an ABAB sequence (in which A represented baseline and B intervention phases) and post-intervention checks. Study II included four phases assessing the effects of baseline, intervention, and non-contingent stimulation conditions. Results. The results of Study I showed that the boy displayed high frequencies of the upward eyelid response during the intervention phases and post-intervention checks (suggesting learning effects). The results of Study II showed that the adolescent performed the single blink response at a significantly higher frequency during intervention as opposed to the other conditions (again suggesting learning effects). Conclusions. The results of Study I and Study II provide encouraging new evidence, with potentially important practical implications, about the applicability of eyelid responses and optic microswitches for students with profound multiple disabilities and minimal motor behaviour. © 2006 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Specialist Studies in Education
Research Field:Special Education and Disability
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Other Education and Training
Objective Field:Special Needs Education
Author:Sigafoos, J (Professor Jeffrey Sigafoos)
ID Code:40838
Year Published:2006
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2011-10-03
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