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A role for ethylene in the phytochrome-mediated control of vegetative development


Foo, E and Ross, JJ and Davies, NW and Reid, JB and Weller, JL, A role for ethylene in the phytochrome-mediated control of vegetative development, The Plant Journal, 46, (6) pp. 911-921. ISSN 0960-7412 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02754.x


Members of the phytochrome family of photoreceptors play key roles in vegetative plant development, including the regulation of stem elongation, leaf development and chlorophyll accumulation. Hormones have been implicated in the control of these processes in de-etiolating seedlings. However, the mechanisms by which the phytochromes regulate vegetative development in more mature plants are less well understood. Pea (Pisum sativum) mutant plants lacking phytochromes A and B, the two phytochromes present in this species, develop severe defects later in development, including short, thick, distorted internodes and reduced leaf expansion, chlorophyll content and CAB gene transcript level. Studies presented here indicate that many of these defects in phyA phyB mutant plants appear to be due to elevated ethylene production, and suggest that an important role of the phytochromes in pea is to restrict ethylene production to a level that does not inhibit vegetative growth. Mutant phyA phyB plants produce significantly more ethylene than WT plants, and application of an ethylene biosynthesis inhibitor rescued many aspects of the phyA phyB mutant phenotype. This deregulation of ethylene production in phy-deficient plants appears likely to be due, at least in part, to the elevated transcript levels of key ethylene-biosynthesis genes. The phytochrome A photoreceptor appears to play a prominent role in the regulation of ethylene production, as phyA, but not phyB, single-mutant plants also exhibit a phenotype consistent with elevated ethylene production. Potential interactions between ethylene and secondary plant hormones in the control of the phy-deficient mutant phenotype were explored, revealing that ethylene may inhibit stem elongation in part by reducing gibberellin levels. © 2006 The Authors.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Environmentally sustainable plant production
Objective Field:Environmentally sustainable plant production not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Foo, E (Associate Professor Eloise Foo)
UTAS Author:Ross, JJ (Associate Professor John Ross)
UTAS Author:Davies, NW (Associate Professor Noel Davies)
UTAS Author:Reid, JB (Professor Jim Reid)
UTAS Author:Weller, JL (Associate Professor Jim Weller)
ID Code:40326
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:50
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2007-05-03

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