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Status of galaxiid fishes in Tasmania, Australia: conservation listings, threats and management issues


Hardie, SA and Jackson, JE and Barmuta, LA and White, RWG, Status of galaxiid fishes in Tasmania, Australia: conservation listings, threats and management issues, Aquatic Conservation: marine and freshwater ecosystems, 16, (3) pp. 235-250. ISSN 1052-7613 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1002/aqc.722


1. Fish of the family Galaxiidae are restricted to the southern hemisphere where they occupy a diverse array of habitats ranging from over 2000 m in elevation to sea level. Some species are diadromous and, hence, freshwater, estuarine and marine habitats are used during their life-cycle; other species complete their entire life-cycles in freshwater environments. 2. Tasmania has a diverse galaxiid fauna that accounts for 64% of native freshwater fish species found on the island. The Tasmanian galaxiid fauna is characterized by high species richness (5 genera and 16 species), endemism (11 species), restricted distributions, and non-diadromous life histories (11 species). 3. The galaxiid fauna of Tasmania has significant conservation status with 69% of species considered 'threatened'. The conservation status of the fauna is recognized at State, national and international levels. 4. The key threats to galaxiids in Tasmania are exotic species, hydrological manipulations, restricted distributions, general habitat degradation and exploitation of stocks. 5. Although work has recently been undertaken to conserve and manage Tasmanian galaxiid populations, the fauna is still thought to be imperilled. Knowledge gaps that need to be addressed include the biology and ecology of most species (e.g. reproductive biology, life histories, habitat use and requirements) and impacts of habitat manipulations, as well as mechanisms and impacts of interactions with exotic species. Techniques to monitor accurately the status of galaxiid species and their populations need to be developed and the coexistence of some galaxiids with introduced salmonids should also be examined. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Freshwater ecology
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - wild caught
Objective Field:Fisheries - wild caught not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hardie, SA (Dr Scott Hardie)
UTAS Author:Jackson, JE (Dr Jean Jackson)
UTAS Author:Barmuta, LA (Associate Professor Leon Barmuta)
UTAS Author:White, RWG (Professor Rob White)
ID Code:40041
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:TAFI - Zoology
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2007-05-10

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