Matches and mismatches between telic dominance and type of sport: Changes in emotions and stress pre- to post-performance
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Kerr, JH and Wilson, GV and Svebak, S and Kirkcaldy, BD, Matches and mismatches between telic dominance and type of sport: Changes in emotions and stress pre- to post-performance, Personality and Individual Differences, 40, (8) pp. 1557-1567. ISSN 0191-8869 (2006) [Refereed Article]
This study was intended to test the proposition that telic dominant individuals have a greater affinity and preference for endurance sports compared to paratelic dominant individuals who prefer explosive sports. The Telic Dominance Scale (TDS) was used to divide 66 university students into telic (high) and paratelic (low) dominance groups (n = 33 in each group). The state version of the Tension and Effort Stress Inventory (TESI) was completed before and after participation in an endurance sport (long distance running) and an explosive sport (basketball). It was predicted that participation in a preferred sport would produce a higher level of positive response for each group. This prediction was not supported. Irrespective of the type of sport, participation consistently produced positive changes in emotional tone with significant increases in excitement and decreases in anxiety, boredom, sullenness, modesty, resentment, and guilt. Some differences were found between groups and between sports. The telic group had higher levels of pride, gratitude, and virtue. Placidity, somatic tension stress and effort stress were higher for running than basketball. The findings are discussed within reversal theory's motivational constructs and the broader context of sport and exercise adherence in health care. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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