Waterlogging duration: Interspecific comparison of Leptospermum scoparium (Forst et Forst.f.), Acacia melanoxylon (R. Br.), Nothofagus cunninghamii (Hook.) and Eucalyptus obliqua (L'Herit)
Pryor, RJ and Davidson, NJ and Close, DC, Waterlogging duration: Interspecific comparison of Leptospermum scoparium (Forst et Forst.f.), Acacia melanoxylon (R. Br.), Nothofagus cunninghamii (Hook.) and Eucalyptus obliqua (L'Herit), Austral Ecology, 31, (3) pp. 408-416. ISSN 1442-9985 (2006) [Refereed Article]
The effect of the duration of waterlogging on the pre-dawn water potential, gas exchange, biomass accumulation and survival was investigated on four species, Leptospermum scoparium (Forst et Forst.f.), Acacia melanoxylon (R. Br.), Eucalyptus obliqua (L'Herit) and Nothofagus cunninghamii (Hook.). These species co-occur, but are restricted to particular microsites. The three waterlogging treatments applied to potted seedlings were: four cycles of 15 days, two cycles of 30 days or one 60-day cycle, followed by an equal period in freely drained conditions. Water potential, gas exchange, biomass accumulation and survival were not significantly affected by the duration of waterlogging in L. scoparium or A. melanoxylon. With increased waterlogging duration, N. cunninghamii had progressively decreased survival, had less biomass accumulation in all waterlogging treatments and more negative water potential after the 60-day waterlogging cycle. In contrast, E. obliqua had low survival under the 15-day waterlogging cycle treatment, although survival, biomass accumulation and maximum net photosynthesis were decreased by all waterlogging cycle treatments. Water potential was significantly lower (more negative) in E. obliqua than other species after the 30- and 60-day waterlogging cycle treatments only. When exposed to oxygen deficit in hypoxic nutrient culture for 5 days, L. scoparium had 100% survival and maximum net photosynthesis was not affected. Acacia melanoxylon had 80% survival and decreased photosynthesis from 2 days of exposure onwards. Nothofagus cunninghamii and E. obliqua had 70% and 30% survival, respectively, and their photosynthesis was significantly depressed after 1 day of exposure to hypoxic conditions. Relative tolerance of the species examined to waterlogging and hypoxia was consistent with adaptation to conditions of seasonal variation in water table height and soil oxygenation concentration observed at the microsites occupied by the respective species. The results indicate that duration of waterlogging may be a major determinant in the microsite distribution of the co-occurring species investigated. © 2006 Ecological Society of Australia.
Repository Staff Only: item control page