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High lung cancer rates in young women thatn young men: Tasmania 1983 to 1992


Dwyer, T and Blizzard, CL and Shugg, D and Hill, D and Ansari, MZ, High lung cancer rates in young women thatn young men: Tasmania 1983 to 1992, Cancer Causes and Control, 5, (4) pp. 351-358. ISSN 0957-5243 (1994) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1007/BF01804986


In a background of changing lung cancer rates in the past decade, mean incidence and mortality rates for persons aged 25-44 in Tasmania for the decade 1983 through 1992 were examined using Tasmanian Cancer Registry data. The smoking behavior of Tasmanian adults and schoolchildren was also investigated, using data from a social survey conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and from five secondary school smoking surveys. The Tasmanian age-standardized lung cancer incidence rates in 25-44 year olds for the 10-year period were 6.2 per 100,000 females and 3.3 per 100,000 males. Mean rates of incidence were higher for females than for males (P = 0.02). The corresponding mortality rates were 4.2 in females and 2.4 in males (P = 0.08). The prevalence of smoking by adult Tasmanian women is higher than that for other Australian women (P < 0.05), and their duration of smoking is longer (P < 0.01). Tasmanian schoolgirls have a higher smoking prevalence than Australian mainland schoolgirls (P = 0.01) and higher prevalence than Tasmanian schoolboys (P = 0.01). The data suggest that smoking prevalence among teenagers passed that for males only a decade before the observed excess of female incident cases among 25-44 year olds in Tasmania.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Veterinary sciences
Research Field:Veterinary epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Dwyer, T (Professor Terry Dwyer)
UTAS Author:Blizzard, CL (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
UTAS Author:Shugg, D (Mrs Dace Shugg)
ID Code:39862
Year Published:1994
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2006-07-06
Last Modified:2006-07-06

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