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Personality, coping and posttraumatic growth in emergency ambulance personnel


Shakespeare-Finch, JE and Gow, K and Smith, S, Personality, coping and posttraumatic growth in emergency ambulance personnel, Traumatology, 11, (4) pp. 325-334. ISSN 1534-7656 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1177/153476560501100410


Inherent in emergency service work is a relatively high level of exposure to potentially traumatic experiences. Traditionally, research has examined the negative or pathological effects that trauma may have on individuals, as well as variables that are proposed to influence post-trauma outcomes, for example, personality, coping, organisational and demographic factors. In recent years, empirical post-trauma research has broadened its scope to investigate positive changes that may also occur following the experience of a traumatic event. This study examines personality and coping variables in relation to levels of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in emergency ambulance personnel (N = 526). Correlations revealed that extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and coping levels significantly relate to perceptions of PTG. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the relationship between personality and PTG is largely mediated by levels of coping. Implications of the research include the tailoring of intervention strategies to differing personalities rather than according to the nature of the event itself.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Shakespeare-Finch, JE (Dr Jane Shakespeare-Finch)
ID Code:39177
Year Published:2005
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2006-04-08

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