Contribution of magmatic fluid to the active hydrothermal system in the JADE field, Okinawa trough: Evidence from fluid inclusions, oxygen and helium isotopes
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Zengqian, H and Zaw, K and Yanhe, L and Qiling, Z and Zhigang, Z and Urabe, T, Contribution of magmatic fluid to the active hydrothermal system in the JADE field, Okinawa trough: Evidence from fluid inclusions, oxygen and helium isotopes, International Geology Review, 47, (4) pp. 420-437. ISSN 0020-6814 (2005) [Refereed Article]
The Okinawa trough is an active, backarc-spreading basin in which hydrothermal fluids are venting from black and white smoker chimneys along a felsic volcanic ridge. The Okinawa seafloor hydrothermal precipitates are comparable to Kuroko-type massive sulfide deposits in many respects. Both systems occur in backarc settings and are hosted by a suite of bimodal volcanic rocks. They show mound-like features and contain predominantly Zn-Pb-Cu metal associations. Aqueous and C0 2-rich hydrothermal fluids from the JADE field exhibit high trapping temperatures (up to 420°C), and moderate salinities (up to 8% NaCl equiv.). We provide evidence for the contribution of volatiles from a magmatic source to the actively forming submarine hydrothermal system. The following features in the JADE field support a magmatic component within this system: (1) the presence of a shallow-level felsic magma chamber 1-2 km beneath the seafloor; (2) anomalously high heat flow within the hydrothermal field; (3) a high content of CO 2 and CH 4 in the hydrothermal plume; (4) effervescence of volatile species (e.g., CO 2, CH 4, H 2, N 2) in the hydrothermal fluid that forms independent discharges as CO 2-rich fluid through CO 2 hydrate pipes near black smoker chimneys; (5) helium isotope data demonstrating that these gases were derived from a mantle source; (6) high-temperatures and moderate to high fluid-inclusion salinities; (7) oxygen isotopic compositions of altered rocks and quartz indicating that mineralizing fluids have a δ 18Ο composition consistent with a mixture of magmatic fluid and seawater. Copyright © 2005 by V.H. Winston & Son, Inc. All rights reserved.
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