eCite Digital Repository

The biogeography of major diatom taxa in Southern Ocean sediments: 1. Sea ice related species

Citation

Armand, LK and Crosta, X and Romero, O and Pichon, JJ, The biogeography of major diatom taxa in Southern Ocean sediments: 1. Sea ice related species, Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 223, (1-2) pp. 93-126. ISSN 0031-0182 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.02.015

Abstract

Diatoms from 228 Southern Ocean core-top sediment samples were examined to determine the geographic distributions of 32 major diatom species/taxa preserved in the sediments of three zonally-distinct regions; Sea Ice, Open Ocean and the Tropical/Subtropical. In the first of three papers, 14 species/taxa occurring in the region where sea ice covers the ocean surface on an annual basis are geographically documented. Comparisons are drawn between the diatom abundances on the sea floor, sea ice parameters (annual duration and concentration in February and September) and February sea-surface temperature. Such parameters are commonly used in reconstructing past oceanographic conditions in the Sea Ice and Open Ocean zones. Analysis of the geographic patterns and sea-surface parameter correlations reveals species-specific distributions regulated primarily by sea ice coverage and sea-surface temperature, which support the use of diatom remains for the estimation of these past sea-surface environmental parameters. Comparison with reliable accounts of the 14 species from the sediments or plankton also provides the first glimpses into species-specific ecology and habitat linkages. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Palaeontology (incl. Palynology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Armand, LK (Dr Leanne Armand)
ID Code:39004
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:117
Deposited By:Earth Sciences
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2006-05-04
Downloads:0

Repository Staff Only: item control page