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Enhanced stability of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim against oxidation using hydroxypropyl-B-cyclodextrin

Citation

Pourmokhtar, M and Jacobson, GA, Enhanced stability of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim against oxidation using hydroxypropyl-B-cyclodextrin, Pharmazie, 60, (11) pp. 837-839. ISSN 0031-7144 (2005) [Refereed Article]


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Abstract

The effect of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) on the chemical stability of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim (co-trimoxazole) under oxidation stress at 50 ± 2 °C was investigated. The concentrations of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim in aqueous solutions (pH 5.4) containing 0, 1%, 2%, 5%, 10% and 15% w/v hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin were measured by HPLC. Both sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim degradation appeared to follow pseudo-first order kinetics in the presence and in the absence of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin. The observed half-lives for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim in 15% w/v hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin were 910h and 609 h respectively, 11.8 and 3.4 times greater than in solutions without hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin. Using a Lineweaver-Burk equation, the half-lives for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim outside the complex in a solution containing 15% w/v hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin were estimated at 77 h and 193 h respectively, whereas inside the complex the half-lives were estimated at 850 h and 821 h. In terms of relative increases in stability under oxidation stress the half-lives for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim inside the complex were 11.0 times and 4.2 times greater than their half-lives outside the complex. In conclusion, chemical stability of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim in co-trimoxazole aqueous solutions under oxidation stress at 50 ± 2 °C can be increased using hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin as a molecular inclusion excipient.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Research Field:Pharmaceutical Sciences
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other Health
Objective Field:Health not elsewhere classified
Author:Pourmokhtar, M (Ms Mojgan Pourmokhtar)
Author:Jacobson, GA (Dr Glenn Jacobson)
ID Code:38457
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2011-05-19
Downloads:0

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