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Social context and health consequences of the antipsychotics introduction

Citation

Kirkby, KC, Social context and health consequences of the antipsychotics introduction, Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 17, (3) pp. 141-146. ISSN 1040-1237 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1080/10401230591002066

Abstract

Background. From the vantage point of fifty years after the introduction of antipsychotics to clinical practice, this article examines the social context and health consequences of their introduction. Methods. Historical review of literature sources with commentary. Conclusions. The availability of antipsychotics over nearly half a century has powerfully influenced concepts of mental illness, dominant models of care versus control, health outcomes and side effect burdens. The large demand and economic success of antipsychotic medications is an important driver for research and development as well as sophistication in marketing. Regulatory agencies, funders and clinicians are faced with a moving target as indications for use of antipsychotics move well beyond the traditional core of schizophrenia and acute mania into depression, anxiety, behavioral disturbance with dementia and some forms of personality disturbance. The history of antipsychotics and mental illness is arguably being written as forcefully now, in an environment of rapid scientific change, as was the case in the 1960s era of rapid social change when chlorpromazine prompted a shift of emphasis from asylum to community. Psychosis is a challenge to how we interpret and approach our inner experiences and societal structures. Accordingly, it is not surprising that the history of antipsychotic drugs resonates with a lively interplay of social, health and economic issues and an ongoing quest to comprehend mental phenomena and their variants. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Inc.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
Author:Kirkby, KC (Professor Kenneth Kirkby)
ID Code:38309
Year Published:2005
Deposited By:Psychiatry
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2011-09-20
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