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Characteristics of Undular Hydraulic Jumps: Experimental Apparatus and Flow Patterns


Chanson, H and Montes, JS, Characteristics of Undular Hydraulic Jumps: Experimental Apparatus and Flow Patterns, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering - ASCE, 121, (2) pp. 129-144. ISSN 0733-9429 (1995) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1995)121:2(129)


In open channels, the transition from supercritical to subcritical flows is called a hydraulic jump. For low upstream Froude numbers, free-surface undulations develop downstream of the jump and the hydraulic jump is called an undular jump. New experiments on undular hydraulic jumps were performed in a rectangular channel in which the upstream flows were fully developed turbulent shear flows. In this paper, the main flow patterns are described. Visual and photographic observations indicate five types of undular jumps. One of the main flow characteristics is the presence of lateral shock waves for Froude numbers larger than 1.2. The results show that the disappearance of undular jump occurs for Froude numbers ranging from 1.5 to 2.9, and the wavelength and amplitude of free-surface undulations are functions of the upstream Froude number and the aspect ratio y<inf>c</inf> /W. © ASCE.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Civil engineering
Research Field:Water resources engineering
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in philosophy and religious studies
UTAS Author:Montes, JS (Dr Jose Montes)
ID Code:3820
Year Published:1995
Web of Science® Times Cited:90
Deposited By:Civil and Mechanical Engineering
Deposited On:1995-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-22

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