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Effect of Hyperoxia on the Growth and Photosynthesis of Polar Sea Ice Microalgae

Citation

McMinn, A and Pankowski, A and Delfatti, T, Effect of Hyperoxia on the Growth and Photosynthesis of Polar Sea Ice Microalgae, Journal of Phycology, 41, (4) pp. 732-741. ISSN 0022-3646 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2005.00095.x

Abstract

Sea ice algal communities are naturally exposed to very high concentrations of dissolved oxygen, which are likely to lead to increasing stress levels and declines in productivity. To test this hypothesis, cultures of Fragilariopsis cylindrus (Grun?) Hasle, Pseudo-nitzschia sp., Fragilariopsis curta (Van Heurch), Porosira glacialis (Grunow), and Entomoneis kjellmannii (Cleve) from Antarctic sea ice and Nitzschia frigida from Arctic sea ice were exposed to elevated dissolved oxygen levels, and their growth, maximum quantum yield, relative maximum electron transport rate, and photosynthetic efficiency were measured. At oxygen concentrations equivalent to approximately four times air saturation (89% oxygen), the growth rate and maximum quantum yield were significantly reduced in all taxa. When the oxygen concentration was regularly allowed to drop, the effect on growth and quantum yield was reduced. At lower dissolved oxygen concentrations (52%), the declines in growth and quantum yield were reduced but were still mostly significantly different from the controls (21% oxygen). It is likely that the generation of excess active oxygen radicals in the presence of free oxygen is responsible for most of the decline in growth, maximum quantum yield, relative maximum electron transport rate, and photosynthetic efficiency in all species. © 2005 Phycological Society of America.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:McMinn, A (Professor Andrew McMinn)
Author:Pankowski, A (Mr Andrew Pankowski)
Author:Delfatti, T (Mr Thomas Delfatti)
ID Code:38138
Year Published:2005
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP0344067)
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:IASOS
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2006-05-09
Downloads:0

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