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The branching gene RAMOSUS1 mediates interactions among two novel signals and auxin in pea


Foo, E and Bullier, E and Goussot, M and Foucher, F and Rameau, C and Beveridge, CA, The branching gene RAMOSUS1 mediates interactions among two novel signals and auxin in pea, The Plant Cell, 17, (2) pp. 464-474. ISSN 1040-4651 (2005) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2005 American Society of Plant Biologists

DOI: doi:10.1105/tpc.104.026716


In Pisum sativum, the RAMOSUS genes RMS1, RMS2, and RMS5 regulate shoot branching via physiologically defined mobile signals. RMS1 is most likely a carotenoid cleavage enzyme and acts with RMS5 to control levels of an as yet unidentified mobile branching inhibitor required for auxin inhibition of branching. Our work provides molecular, genetic, and physiological evidence that RMS1 plays a central role in a shoot-to-root-to-shoot feedback system that regulates shoot branching in pea. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) positively regulates RMS1 transcript level, a potentially important mechanism for regulation of shoot branching by IAA. In addition, RMS1 transcript levels are dramatically elevated in rms3, rms4, and rms5 plants, which do not contain elevated IAA levels. This degree of upregulation of RMS1 expression cannot be achieved in wild-type plants by exogenous IAA application. Grafting studies indicate that an IAA-independent mobile feedback signal contributes to the elevated RMS1 transcript levels in rms4 plants. Therefore, the long-distance signaling network controlling branching in pea involves IAA, the RMS1 inhibitor, and an IAA-independent feedback signal. Consistent with physiological studies that predict an interaction between RMS2 and RMS1, rms2 mutations appear to disrupt this IAA-independent regulation of RMS1 expression.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Environmentally sustainable plant production
Objective Field:Environmentally sustainable plant production not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Foo, E (Associate Professor Eloise Foo)
ID Code:37917
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:211
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2018-10-04

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