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Changes in stream biota along a gradient of logging disturbance, 15 years after logging at Ben Nevis, Tasmania

Citation

Davies, PE and Cook, LSJ and McIntosh, PD and Munks, SA, Changes in stream biota along a gradient of logging disturbance, 15 years after logging at Ben Nevis, Tasmania, Forest Ecology and Management, 219, (2-3) pp. 132-148. ISSN 0378-1127 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2005.09.006

Abstract

We compared the instream biota of five first-order granitic headwater streams and five similar streams which had experienced a range of intensity of clearfell operations 15 years previously. We observed substantial differences in benthic macroinvertebrate community composition and abundance, aquatic insect emergence rates and abundance of macrophytes and algae between the two stream groups. Differences in the riparian vegetation structure, stream channel form and habitats and sediment composition of these streams had previously been ascribed to the effects of the clearfell operations and related to the intensity of historical forestry-induced disturbance. Instream biological responses (changes in macroinvertebrate assemblage composition and declines in abundance) were correlated with both a measure of the intensity of the degree of historical clearfell disturbance and with the amount of fine particulate organic matter (FPOM) in the stream substrate. Differences in macroinvertebrate abundance between channel and pool habitats were also associated with inter-habitat differences in substrate FPOM loading. We suggest that the magnitude of the response of benthic fauna along the disturbance gradient is mediated by the effect of disturbance on the storage of FPOM, which is both a habitat and food source, and that the clearfelling has induced long-lasting deficits of bioavailable organic carbon stores and backwater habitats in these streams. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Freshwater Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Davies, PE (Professor Peter Davies)
Author:Cook, LSJ (Mr Laurence Cook)
Author:Munks, SA (Dr Sarah Munks)
ID Code:36612
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:TAFI - Zoology
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2011-10-04
Downloads:0

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