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Evaluating the utility of inpatient video-EEG monitoring

Citation

Gougassian, DF and D'Souza, WJ and Cook, MJ and O'Brien, TJ, Evaluating the utility of inpatient video-EEG monitoring, Epilepsia, 45, (8) pp. 928-932 . ISSN 0013-9580 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.0013-9580.2004.51003.x

Abstract

Purpose: Inpatient video-EEG monitoring (VEM) is widely used for the diagnosis, seizure classification, and presurgical evaluation of patients with seizure disorders. It is resource intensive and relatively expensive, so its utility continues to be debated. Few studies have specifically evaluated the utility of inpatient VEM in altering diagnosis or management of patients with seizure disorders. We sought to assess the proportion of patients for whom the preadmission diagnosis and management were altered after inpatient VEM of patients admitted for diagnostic and presurgical evaluation of seizure disorders. Methods: Data from a consecutive cohort of patients admitted over a 3-year period to an inpatient VEM unit in a tertiary referral hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The preadmission diagnosis and management by the referring neurologist was compared with the diagnosis and management after the VEM. Results: Of 131 patients, 91 (70%) were admitted for diagnostic evaluation and 39 (30%) for a presurgical workup. Mean evaluative period was 5.6 days. Mean number of seizures recorded was 2.9. No seizures were recorded in 31% of patients. Interictal EEG showed epileptiform changes in 56 (43%). In 76 (58%), the diagnosis was altered as a result of the VEM, with the greatest change being an increase in the nonepileptic diagnosis group (7% to 31%) and the generalized diagnosis group (5% to 11%). Management was changed after the VEM in 95 (73%). Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate that inpatient VEM has a high yield in changing diagnosis and management. Future long-term cost-benefit studies of the management changes resulting from VEM evaluation will aid in further reinforcing its role.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
Author:D'Souza, WJ (Mr Wendyl D'Souza)
ID Code:35618
Year Published:2004
Web of Science® Times Cited:103
Deposited By:Menzies Centre
Deposited On:2005-08-22
Last Modified:2011-10-04
Downloads:0

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