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Arcobacter halophilus sp. nov., the first obligate halophile in the genus Arcobacter

Citation

Donachie, SP and Bowman, JP and On, SLW and Alam, M, Arcobacter halophilus sp. nov., the first obligate halophile in the genus Arcobacter, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 55, (3) pp. 1271-1277. ISSN 1466-5026 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63581-0

Abstract

A Gram-negative bacterium, designated LA31BT, was isolated from water collected from a hypersaline lagoon on Laysan Atoll in the north-western Hawaiian Islands. Single cells of LA31BT were slightly curved but became helical as their length increased. Preliminary characterization based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that LA31BT shared 96.0% identity with an Arcobacter sp. isolated from a cyanobacterial mat in hypersaline Lake Sinai, and 94% identity with Arcobacter nitrofigilis, the type species of the genus Arcobacter. A polyphasic taxonomic study was conducted and confirmed the phylogenetic affiliation of strain LA31BT to the genus Arcobacter. However, LA31BT was found to be distinct from all recognized Arcobacter species, by a comprehensive biochemical test analysis, whole-cell fatty acid profiling, DNA G+C content (35 mol% in LA31BT) and degree of DNA-DNA reassociation. Most notably, LA31BT was found to be an obligate halophile, a hitherto undescribed feature among recognized Arcobacter species. These data indicate that LA31BT should be considered to represent a novel species in the genus Arcobacter, for which the name Arcobacter halophilus sp. nov. is proposed. This is the first obligately halophilic member of the genus. The type strain is LA31BT (= ATCC BAA-1022T = CIP 108450T). © 2005 IUMS.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Microbiology
Research Field:Microbial Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Bowman, JP (Associate Professor John Bowman)
ID Code:35366
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:98
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2012-03-05
Downloads:0

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