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Interdecadal water mass changes in the Southern Ocean between 30°E and 160°E


Aoki, S and Bindoff, NL and Church, JA, Interdecadal water mass changes in the Southern Ocean between 30°E and 160°E, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, (7) pp. L07607. ISSN 0094-8276 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1029/2004GL022220


Interdecadal water mass changes in the Indian - Western Pacific sectors of the Southern Ocean were investigated using the Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions and historical hydrographic observations from the 1950s to 1990s. Freshening and cooling occurred on the neutral density surfaces of 27.0 kg�m−3 equatorward of Sub-Antarctic Front. Results for the area south of the Polar Front show warm and saline anomalies and oxygen decreases on the surfaces around 27.9 kg�m−3, which correspond to the Upper Circumpolar Deep Water. These latter anomalies are most simply explained by the mixing of these shallow waters with warmer and fresher surface waters. Steric sea level has also increased with an average change of 1mm�yr−1 from the 1970s to 1990s. The changes are larger north of the Sub-Antarctic Front, implying a strengthening of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. It appears that the observed changes are consistent with the results from coupled climate model results for a similar period.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Measurement and assessment of marine water quality and condition
UTAS Author:Bindoff, NL (Professor Nathan Bindoff)
UTAS Author:Church, JA (Dr John Church)
ID Code:34683
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:58
Deposited By:IASOS
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2011-07-18

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