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Trauma, coping and family functioning in emergency service workers


Shakespeare-Finch, JE and Smith, SG and Obst, P, Trauma, coping and family functioning in emergency service workers, Work and Stress, 16, (3) pp. 275-282. ISSN 0267-8373 (2002) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1080/0267837021000034584


In this study a sample of male, shift-working, operational ambulance officers were compared with a group of male shift-workers from a range of occupations in which exposure to traumatic events was not inherent in the role (N=71). Three dimensions of family functioning were examined: intimacy, conflict, and parenting styles, with respect to occupational type (i.e. work-related exposure to trauma) and accounting for personal resources (coping). Personal resources were found to have a significant impact on the dimensions of family functioning. Furthermore, differences emerged in the pattern of coping between the two groups. Ambulance officers demonstrated a more varied repertoire of personal resources than the control group. Social support was found to be the sole predictor of intimacy and conflict levels in the control sample. However, in the ambulance group social support was predictive of intimacy levels, rational-cognitive strategies were predictive of conflict levels, and self-care, social support, and rational-cognitive strategies were all significantly correlated with the three dimensions of family functioning.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in human society
UTAS Author:Shakespeare-Finch, JE (Dr Jane Shakespeare-Finch)
ID Code:34625
Year Published:2002
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2005-07-28
Last Modified:2005-07-28

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