Vertical distribution and diurnal migration patterns of
Jasus edwardsii phyllosomas off the east coast of the North Island, New Zealand
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Bradford, RW and Bruce, BD and Chiswell, SM and Booth, JD and Jeffs, A and Wotherspoon, SJ, Vertical distribution and diurnal migration patterns of
Jasus edwardsii phyllosomas off the east coast of the North Island, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 39, (3 SPEC. ISS. 2) pp. 593-604. ISSN 0028-8330 (2005) [Refereed Article]
The rock lobster Jasus edwardsii forms the basis of important fisheries in south-eastern Australia and New Zealand. Their long pelagic larval phyllosoma phase (12-24 months) raises many questions as to how the larvae are retained and/or recruited into local populations. Recent attempts to model the dispersal of J. edwardsii phyllosoma have had mixed success at reconstructing settlement patterns. However, these models have either ignored vertical distribution or have used that of the western rock lobster, Panulirus cygnus. We report on the vertical distribution and migration of J. edwardsii phyllosomas, collected in March/April 2003 from the Wairarapa Eddy off the east coast of the North Island, New Zealand, and provide a model to describe their vertical distribution. J. edwardsii phyllosoma were primarily recorded within the upper 100 m over similar depth ranges to those reported for other palinurid and scyllarid species. Well-defined changes in diel vertical distribution were restricted to late-stage larvae. Mid-stage phyllosomas were concentrated in the upper 20 m both day and night. Late-stage phyllosomas were concentrated in the upper 20 m during the night, but they were absent from the upper 20 m during the day and distributed primarily between 20 and 100 m. Future modelling will benefit from using larval distribution and behaviour patterns specific to J. edwardsii. © The Royal Society of New Zealand 2005.
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