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Regulation of cytokine gene transcription in the immune system


Holloway, AF and Rao, S and Shannon, MF, Regulation of cytokine gene transcription in the immune system, Molecular Immunology, 38, (8) pp. 567-580. ISSN 0161-5890 (2002) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/S0161-5890(01)00094-3


The controlled expression of cytokine genes is an essential component of an immune response. The specific types of cytokines as well as the time and place of their production is important in generating an appropriate immune response to an infectious agent. Aberrant expression is associated with pathological conditions of the immune system such as autoimmunity, atopy and chronic inflammation. Cytokine gene transcription is generally induced in a cell-specific manner. Over the last 15 years, a large amount of information has been generated describing the transcriptional controls that are exerted on cytokine genes. Recently, efforts have been directed at understanding how these genes are transcribed in a chromatin context. This review will discuss the mechanisms by which cytokine genes become available for transcription in a cell-restricted manner as well as the mechanisms by which these genes sense their environment and activate high level transcription in a transient manner. Particular attention will be paid to the role of chromatin in allowing transcription factor access to appropriate genes. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and cell biology
Research Field:Biochemistry and cell biology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Holloway, AF (Professor Adele Holloway)
ID Code:34055
Year Published:2002
Web of Science® Times Cited:47
Deposited By:Pathology
Deposited On:2005-07-23
Last Modified:2005-07-23

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