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The UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Program in Australia: constraints and opportunities for localized sustainable development

Citation

Matysek, K and Stratford, E and Kriwoken, LK, The UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Program in Australia: constraints and opportunities for localized sustainable development, The Canadian Geographer, 50, (1) pp. 85-100. ISSN 0008-3658 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.0008-3658.2006.00128.x

Abstract

Since their creation under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program in 1976, biosphere reserves have provided international framework for linking protected areas with their associated working landscapes. In Australia, twelve biosphere reserves were added the World Network between 1977 and 1982. That initial flurry of activity has been followed by twenty-five years of limited interest and development in biosphere reserves in this country, although evidence suggests that new energies are being directed to it. After sketching the origins of the biosphere reserve concept and its central tenets, explore those environmental, cultural and institutional factors that may be promoting renewed interest in the program. We then review the initial implementation and current status of the Australian Biosphere Reserve Program. Factors supporting the limited success that exists in the program in Australia are highlighted, and the new form of biosphere reserve is illustrated with reference to Australia's recent and only Since their creation under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program in 1976, biosphere reserves have provided international framework for linking protected areas with their associated working landscapes. In Australia, twelve biosphere reserves were added the World Network between 1977 and 1982. That initial flurry of activity has been followed by twenty-five years of limited interest and development in biosphere reserves in this country, although evidence suggests that new energies are being directed to it. After sketching the origins of the biosphere reserve concept and its central tenets, explore those environmental, cultural and institutional factors that may be promoting renewed interest in the program. We then review the initial implementation and current status of the Australian Biosphere Reserve Program. Factors supporting the limited success that exists in the program in Australia are highlighted, and the new form of biosphere reserve is illustrated with reference to Australia's recent and only urban biosphere reserve, at the Mornington Peninsula, in the state of Victoria. We speculate that prospects for biosphere reserves in Australia are brighter because of the provision for biosphere reserves under the Commonwealth of Australia's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (DEH 1999), the conceptual relevance of the biosphere reserve to bioregional and catchment management more generally and the continued success of existing model biosphere reserves. © Canadian Association of Geographers/L'Association canadienne des géographes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Other Environmental Sciences
Research Field:Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation
Objective Field:Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation not elsewhere classified
Author:Matysek, K (Ms Kate Matysek)
Author:Stratford, E (Professor Elaine Stratford)
Author:Kriwoken, LK (Dr Lorne Kriwoken)
ID Code:33984
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2009-10-13
Downloads:0

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