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Temporal Structure of the Solar Radiation Field in Cloudy Conditions: Are Retrievals of Hourly Averages from Space Possible?

Citation

Nunez, M and Fienberg, KS and Kuchinke, CP, Temporal Structure of the Solar Radiation Field in Cloudy Conditions: Are Retrievals of Hourly Averages from Space Possible?, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 44, (1) pp. 167-185. ISSN 0894-8763 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1175/JAM-2196.1

Abstract

The authors examine the temporal variability of measured 415- and 611.7-nm spectral solar irradiance in cloudy stratocumulus conditions. This is accomplished by normalizing measured data by the equivalent irradiance for cloudless conditions and the same solar zenith angle. Spectral and other analyses of the time series exhibit fractal behavior in agreement with the multifractal model of Schertzer and Lovejoy. A three-dimensional cloud model with dimensions of 6 km × 38 km is constructed that has these fractal properties and a Monte Carlo radiative code is applied to obtain irradiances in 50-m grid elements at the surface. Model output is used to test the ability of satellites to calculate hourly irradiance with one, two, three, four, five,and six observations per hour. Root-mean-square errors are substantial-between 17% and 43% for one single satelite observation per hour. The smallest errors of around 5% are obtained with six scans per hour. These results argue that a higher frequency of satelite observations is needed to estimate hourly surface solar irradiances with acceptable accuracy. © 2005 American Meteorological Society.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Atmospheric Sciences
Research Field:Atmospheric Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Atmosphere and Weather
Objective Field:Atmospheric Processes and Dynamics
Author:Nunez, M (Dr Manuel Nunez)
Author:Fienberg, KS (Mr Kurt Fienberg)
Author:Kuchinke, CP (Dr Christopher Kuchinke)
ID Code:33775
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2006-06-07
Downloads:0

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