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The effect of β-glucan administration on macrophage respiratory burst activity and Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., challenged with amoebic gill disease - evidence of inherent resistance

Citation

Bridle, AR and Carter, CG and Morrison, RN and Nowak, BF, The effect of β-glucan administration on macrophage respiratory burst activity and Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., challenged with amoebic gill disease - evidence of inherent resistance, Journal of Fish Diseases, 28, (6) pp. 347-356. ISSN 0140-7775 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-2761.2005.00636.x

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that β-glucans stimulate Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., head kidney macrophages both in vitro and in vivo and increase protection against various pathogens. Based on our previous work that showed potent immunostimulatory CpG motif-containing oligodeoxynucleotides increased resistance to amoebic gill disease (AGD), the present study investigated the immunostimulatory effects of three commercial β-glucan-containing feeds and their ability to increase resistance to AGD. All three commercial β-glucans were able to stimulate the respiratory burst activity of Atlantic salmon head kidney macrophages in vitro, albeit at different times and concentrations. However, dietary incorporation of the β-glucans was unable to stimulate the in vivo respiratory burst activity of head kidney macrophages, or serum lysozyme production, and did not increase resistance against AGD. However, this trial showed for the first rime that a small subpopulation of Atlantic salmon subjected to a severe AGD infection was able to resist becoming heavily infected and furthermore survive the challenge. © 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Fish Pests and Diseases
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified
Author:Bridle, AR (Dr Andrew Bridle)
Author:Carter, CG (Professor Chris Carter)
Author:Morrison, RN (Dr Richard Morrison)
Author:Nowak, BF (Professor Barbara Nowak)
ID Code:33746
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:43
Deposited By:TAFI - Aquaculture
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2006-04-01
Downloads:0

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