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Neural plasticity and bilateral movements: A rehabilitation approach for chronic stroke

Citation

Cauraugh, JH and Summers, JJ, Neural plasticity and bilateral movements: A rehabilitation approach for chronic stroke, Progress in Neurobiology, 75, (5) pp. 309-320. ISSN 0301-0082 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2005.04.001

Abstract

Stroke interferes with voluntary control of motor actions. Although spontaneous recovery of function can occur, restoration of normal motor function in the hemiplegic upper limb is noted in fewer than 15% of individuals. However, there is increasing evidence to suggest that in addition to injury-related reorganization, motor cortex functions can be altered by individual motor experiences. Such neural plasticity has major implications for the type of rehabilitative training administered post-stroke. This review proposes that noteworthy upper extremity gains toward motor recovery evolve from activity-dependent intervention based on theoretical motor control constructs and interlimb coordination principles. Founded on behavioral and neurophysiological mechanisms, bilateral movement training/practice has shown great promise in expediting progress toward chronic stroke recovery in the upper extremity. Planning and executing bilateral movements post-stroke may facilitate cortical neural plasticity by three mechanisms: (a) motor cortex disinhibition that allows increased use of the spared pathways of the damaged hemisphere, (b) increased recruitment of the ipsilateral pathways from the contralesional or contralateral hemisphere to supplement the damaged crossed corticospinal pathways, and (c) upregulation of descending premotorneuron commands onto propriospinal neurons. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Rehabilitation and Therapy (excl. Physiotherapy)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
Author:Summers, JJ (Professor Jeffery Summers)
ID Code:32840
Year Published:2005
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP0345312)
Web of Science® Times Cited:162
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2006-04-08
Downloads:0

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