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Spatial Analysis of Viral Epidemics in Australian Hop Gardens: Implications for Mechanisms of Spread

Citation

Pethybridge, SJ and Wilson, CR and Ferrandino, FJ and Leggett, GW, Spatial Analysis of Viral Epidemics in Australian Hop Gardens: Implications for Mechanisms of Spread, Plant Disease, 84, (5) pp. 513-515. ISSN 0191-2917 (2000) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.5.513

Abstract

Plant-to-plant spread of Hop mosaic virus (HpMV), Hop latent virus (HpLV), and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV) were monitored in two commercial hop gardens of cv. Victoria in Australia. At site 1, the cultural practice of mowing to remove excess basal growth operated exclusively along rows, while at site 2, mowing occurred both along and across rows. Other cultural practices such as stringing, bine-training, spraying, and harvesting were directed along rows at both sites. Spatial aggregation within and across rows was assessed by ordinary runs analysis, and by radial correlation analysis using the program 2DCORR. The dominant spread mechanism of carlaviruses differed between sites. At site 1, along-row aggregation of both HpLV and HpMV in 1997 reflected the importance of basal-growth intertwining for virus transmission, either due to mechanical transmission or movement of apterous or alatae vectors along rows. At site 2, the random incidence of HpLV and HpMV reflected spread by alatae vectors. The spread of PNRSV at both sites was associated with mowing direction. This study reports the first use of a modified version of radial correlation analysis.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Horticultural Crops not elsewhere classified
Author:Pethybridge, SJ (Dr Sarah Pethybridge)
Author:Wilson, CR (Associate Professor Calum Wilson)
ID Code:32805
Year Published:2000
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2005-05-10
Last Modified:2005-05-10
Downloads:0

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