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Milk composition of the Tasmanian pademelon (Thylogale billardierii Desmarest)(Macropodoidea: Marsupialia) in captivity


Rose, RW and Shetewi, AD and Flowers, KP, Milk composition of the Tasmanian pademelon (Thylogale billardierii Desmarest)(Macropodoidea: Marsupialia) in captivity, Australian Journal of Zoology, 53, (1) pp. 67-71. ISSN 0004-959X (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/ZO04052


This is the first study of milk composition in any member of the wallaby genus Thylogale. Milk samples (n = 44) were collected after oxytocin injection from 12 females carrying pouch young aged 2-30 weeks followed by sampling of the mothers until weaning by Week 39. The lactation period could be partitioned into early (Weeks 2-20), mid (Weeks 21-30) and late (>30 weeks) stages. Although milk concentrations changed little during lactation the energy content increased almost 4-fold from 540 ± 39 kJ (100 mL)-1 (mean ± s.e.) to 1908 ± 102 kJ (100 mL)-1. Carbohydrate concentrations decreased from 13.3 ± 0.1 g (100 mL)-1 (early lactation) to 10.9 ± 0.9 g (100 mL)-1 in mid-lactation, falling to 4.8 ± 0.9 g (100 mL)-1 in late lactation. Lipid increased from 6.3 ± 1.1 g (100 mL)-1 to 12.5 ± 4.1 g (100 mL)-1, reaching 31.4 ± 5.0 g (100 mL)-1 in late lactation. Protein increased from 3.3 ± 0.1 g (100 mL)-1 to 9.7 ± 1.6 g (100 mL)-1 in mid-lactation to 14.0 ± 1.5 g (100 mL)-1 in late lactation. This relatively high level of lipid and protein in late lactation may be the cause of the more rapid growth and, hence, shorter pouch life of the Tasmanian pademelon (Thylogale billardierii) compared with the well studied tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii). © CSIRO 2005.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Comparative physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Rose, RW (Associate Professor Randy Rose)
UTAS Author:Shetewi, AD (Miss Amal Deborah Shetewi)
UTAS Author:Flowers, KP (Ms Kathryn Flowers)
ID Code:32738
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2005-08-01
Last Modified:2011-09-26

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