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Concentrations of organochlorines in sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) from Southern Australian waters


Evans, K and Hindell, MA and Hince, G, Concentrations of organochlorines in sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) from Southern Australian waters, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48, (5-6) pp. 486-503. ISSN 0025-326X (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2003.08.026


Concentrations of DDTs, PCBs and HCHs were measured in sperm whales involved in two mass stranding events on the west coast of Tasmania, Australia in February 1998. DDTs and PCBs were present in all samples analysed, while only three contained HCHs. The relationships between organochlorines, sex, age and reproductive groups were marked by high variability. Differences in organochlorine concentrations were observed between animals from the two stranding sites and discussed in light of the ecology of this species. Concentrations of all pollutants were stratified throughout the vertical aspect of the blubber and possible reasons for and the implications of this are discussed. Concentrations of compounds were higher than those documented in this species in the Southern Hemisphere previously, although were relatively lower than those documented in the Northern Hemisphere. However, comparisons were confounded by spatial and temporal differences. Continued monitoring of marine mammals throughout this region in a co-coordinated, standardized manner is essential for establishing definite temporal and spatial variations in pollutant concentrations. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Climate variability (excl. social impacts)
UTAS Author:Evans, K (Dr Karen Evans)
UTAS Author:Hindell, MA (Professor Mark Hindell)
ID Code:32045
Year Published:2004
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:TAFI - Zoology
Deposited On:2004-08-01
Last Modified:2011-11-21

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