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Effects of algal canopy clearance on plant, fish and macroinvertebrate communities on eastern Tasmanian reefs

Citation

Edgar, GJ and Barrett, NS and Morton, AJ and Samson, CR, Effects of algal canopy clearance on plant, fish and macroinvertebrate communities on eastern Tasmanian reefs, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 312, (1) pp. 67-87. ISSN 0022-0981 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2004.06.005

Abstract

Changes in assemblages of plants, macroinvertebrates and fishes on three eastern Tasmanian reefs were monitored over 12 months in replicated control blocks and adjacent 10×12-m blocks cleared of fucoid, laminarian and dictyotalean algae. Removal of canopy-forming plants produced less change to biotic assemblages than reported in studies elsewhere, with the magnitude of change for fish and invertebrate taxa lower than variation between sites and comparable to variation between months. The introduced annual kelp Undaria pinnatifida exhibited the only pronounced response to canopy removal amongst algal taxa, with a fivefold increase in cleared blocks compared to control blocks. Marine reserves are suggested to assist reef communities resist invasion by U. pinnatifida, through an indirect mechanism involving increased predation pressure on sea urchins and reduced formation of urchin barrens that are amenable to U. pinnatifida propagation. Large invertebrates were more associated with turfing algae or the reef substratum than the macroalgal canopy. The herbivorous sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma and abalone Haliotis ruber showed the strongest response to clearing amongst common macroinvertebrate species, with a halving of population numbers. Observed densities of the common monacanthid fish Acanthaluteres vittiger also declined by about 50%. The relatively high level of resistance shown by eastern Tasmanian reef biota to patch disturbance was attributed largely to high diversity and biomass of turfing macroalgae damping effects of canopy clearance. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas
Objective Field:Protected Conservation Areas in Marine Environments
Author:Edgar, GJ (Professor Graham Edgar)
Author:Barrett, NS (Associate Professor Neville Barrett)
Author:Morton, AJ (Mr Alastair Morton)
Author:Samson, CR (Dr Catherine Samson)
ID Code:31072
Year Published:2004
Web of Science® Times Cited:53
Deposited By:TAFI - Zoology
Deposited On:2004-08-01
Last Modified:2005-04-19
Downloads:0

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