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Bacterial diversity in organically-enriched fish farm sediments

Citation

Bissett, AP and Bowman, JP and Burke, CM, Bacterial diversity in organically-enriched fish farm sediments, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 55, (1) pp. 48-56. ISSN 0168-6496 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2005.00012.x

Abstract

The bacterial diversity and community structure within both organically enriched and adjacent, unimpacted, near-shore marine sediments at two fish farms in southern Tasmania, Australia, was examined using 16S rRNA gene clone library construction and analysis. Sediments at both caged and reference sites at both farms showed a very high level of microbial diversity. Over 900 clones were analysed and grouped into 631 unique phylotypes. Reference sites were dominated by Delta- and Gammaproteobacteria and the Cytophaga-Flavobacteria-Bacteroides group. Cage site sediments were also dominated by these phylotypes, as well as members of the Alpha- and Epsilonproteobacteria. Diversity and coverage indices indicated that the actual diversity of the sediments was much greater than that detected, despite a large sampling effort. All libraries were shown to be statistically different from one another (P<0.05). Many phylotypes did not group with cultured bacteria, but grouped with other environmental clones from a wide array of marine benthic environments. Diversity and evenness indices suggested that although both parameters changed after farming, diverse communities were present in all sediments. The response of the microbial community to organic load suggested that random, rather than predictable, succession events determine community composition and diversity, and that sediment type may influence bacterial community and sediment response to organic perturbation. © 2005 Federation of European Microbiological Societies Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Microbiology
Research Field:Microbial Ecology
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified
Author:Bissett, AP (Mr Andrew Bissett)
Author:Bowman, JP (Associate Professor John Bowman)
Author:Burke, CM (Dr Chris Burke)
ID Code:30652
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:62
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2006-08-01
Last Modified:2007-10-17
Downloads:0

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