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Incineration of waste at Casey Station, Australian Antarctic Territory


O'Brien, JS and Todd, JJ and Kriwoken, LK, Incineration of waste at Casey Station, Australian Antarctic Territory, Polar Record, 40, (214) pp. 221-234. ISSN 0032-2474 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1017/S003224740400347X


The Australian Antarctic Division manages four permanent stations in the sub-Antarctic and Antarctic. At each station a municipal waste incinerator is used to dispose of putrescible waste, wood, paper, cardboard, and plastics. Incineration significantly reduces the volume of waste but this combustion also emits toxic compounds. This study examined the waste incineration stream at Casey Station, Australian Antarctic Territory. The waste stream was sorted, burnt, and the incinerator emissions monitored. Twelve chemical compounds in gaseous emissions and heavy metals in the ash were measured. Results indicate that emissions of carbon monoxide are higher than one might expect from a small incinerator, and hydrocarbon emissions from the incinerator exceed combined hydrocarbon emissions from other sources on station. Arsenic and copper concentrations in ash, which is returned to Australia for disposal, exceed limits for hazardous waste disposal and so treatment would be required. Recommendations are provided on controlling source material in order to reduce or eliminate toxic emissions and undertaking incinerator maintenance to optimise combustion.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Other Chemical Sciences
Research Field:Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Air Quality
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Air Quality
UTAS Author:O'Brien, JS (Ms Jo O'Brien)
UTAS Author:Todd, JJ (Dr John Todd)
UTAS Author:Kriwoken, LK (Dr Lorne Kriwoken)
ID Code:30232
Year Published:2004
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2004-08-01
Last Modified:2009-09-17

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