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Psychroflexus tropicus sp. nov., an obligately halophilic Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides group bacterium from an Hawaiian hypersaline lake

Citation

Donachie, SP and Bowman, JP and Alam, M, Psychroflexus tropicus sp. nov., an obligately halophilic Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides group bacterium from an Hawaiian hypersaline lake, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 54 pp. 935-940. ISSN 1466-5026 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02733-0

Abstract

A Gram-negative bacterium designated LA1T was isolated from water collected in hypersaline Lake Laysan on Laysan Island in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Cells occurred singly as fine rods to short filaments. Growth in 50% strength marine broth occurred optimally when the medium contained 7.5-10% (w/v) NaCl. The major fatty acids in LA1T grown at 15 and 30 °C were 1 2-methyl tetradecanoic acid and 13-methyl tetradecanoic acid, respectively. The nucleotide sequence of the 16S rRNA gene showed that LA1T belonged in the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides (CFB) group in the domain Bacteria. The closest described neighbour in terms of 16S rRNA gene sequence identity was Psychroflexus torquis ACAM 623T (94.4% over 1423 bases), an obligate psychrophile from Antarctic sea-ice. The G+C content of 35.0 mol% was consistent with this affiliation. Phenotypic and genotypic analyses; including DNA hybridization, indicated that LA1T could be assigned to the genus Psychroflexus but, based on significant differences, including growth at 43°C, it constitutes a novel species, Psychroflexus tropicus sp. nov., for which LA1T (=ATCC BAA-734T =DSM 15496T) is the type strain. © 2004 IUMS.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Microbiology
Research Field:Microbial Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Bowman, JP (Associate Professor John Bowman)
ID Code:29562
Year Published:2004
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2004-08-01
Last Modified:2011-10-11
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