Geochemical and rock magnetic records from sediments of the Cenozoic Pagodroma Group, Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica: implications for provenance and weathering
Bloemendal, J and Ehrmann, W and Hambrey, MJ and McKelvey, BC and Matthews, R and Whitehead, JM, Geochemical and rock magnetic records from sediments of the Cenozoic Pagodroma Group, Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica: implications for provenance and weathering, Antarctic Science, 15, (3) pp. 365-378. ISSN 0954-1020 (2003) [Refereed Article]
Geochemical and magnetic data from glacigenic sediments can be useful indicators of past environments and climate. In this paper, the results of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and rock magnetic analyses are presented for samples from the Pagodroma Group, an assemblage of pre-Quaternary glacimarine sediments preserved as remnants along the raised flanks of the Lambert Graben, Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica. Samples were obtained from four formations: Mount Johnston, Battye Glacier, Fisher Bench and Bardin Bluffs, which range in age from late Oligocene or early Miocene through to Pliocene or early Pleistocene. Principal component analysis of the XRF data indicates the occurrence of two main element assemblages, which we infer are determined by the presence in the Bardin Bluffs formation of a significant component derived from Permo-Triassic sedimentary rocks of the Amery Group. Calculation of chemical indices of alteration suggests that the values reflect provenance differences rather than the syndepositional weathering environment. Multidomain ferrimagnetic grains mainly dominate the magnetic mineral assemblages of the samples, probably magnetite, with varying concentrations of high coercivity material, probably hematite.