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Isotopic composition of gypsum in the Macquarie Island ophiolite: Implications for the sulfur cycle and the subsurface biosphere in oceanic crust

Citation

Alt, JC and Davidson, GJ and Teagle, DAH and Karson, JA, Isotopic composition of gypsum in the Macquarie Island ophiolite: Implications for the sulfur cycle and the subsurface biosphere in oceanic crust, Geology, 31, (6) pp. 549-552. ISSN 0091-7613 (2003) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2003)031<0549:ICOGIT>2.0.CO;2

Abstract

The O, S, and Sr isotope compositions were determined for 17 samples of gypsum that replaced anhydrite in the sheeted-dike complex of the Macquarie Island ophiolite. Elevated δ34S (26.2‰-29.0‰) and δ18O values (12.5‰-14.4‰) of gypsum compared to those of seawater sulfate are the result of microbial sulfate reduction. Low organic carbon contents and little sulfate reduction in sediments, plus a large basaltic Sr component in the gypsum (87Sr/86Sr = 0.70446-0.70524), indicate that the sulfate source was not pore waters in the overlying sediment. Low δ34S values of sulfide in basalt lavas are consistent with microbial reduction of seawater sulfate within the volcanic rocks. Tectonic activity at the slow-spreading ridge allowed evolved formation waters to enter hot sheeted-dike complex basement, resulting in heating and precipitation of anhydrite. Results show that microbes can leave geochemical tracers of their activity in oceanic basement and that anhydrite can be preserved in oceanic crust and may be of significance for the oceanic sulfur budget.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geochemistry
Research Field:Geochemistry not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Davidson, GJ (Dr Garry Davidson)
ID Code:27908
Year Published:2003
Web of Science® Times Cited:23
Deposited By:Centre for Ore Deposit Research - CODES CoE
Deposited On:2003-08-01
Last Modified:2007-10-12
Downloads:0

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