Effects of the
Jessica oil spill on artisanal fisheries in the GalŠpagos
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Born, AF and Espinoza, E and Murillo, JC and Nicolaides, F and Edgar, GJ, Effects of the
Jessica oil spill on artisanal fisheries in the Galapagos, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 47, (7-8) pp. 319-324. ISSN 0025-326X (2003) [Refereed Article]
In contrast to local perceptions, the impact on the local Gal√°pagos artisanal fishery of the 16 January 2001 grounding of the Jessica and subsequent oil spill was relatively minor. No significant changes in fishing effort, total fishing catches or catch-per-unit effort were detected after the spill based on analyses of fisheries monitoring data. Nevertheless, large boats tended to move away from sites near the path of the spill following the grounding in 2001, with no fishing recorded from the oil-affected regions of Floreana and southern Isabela in February 2001. The total fishing effort of small boats operating from the Jessica-grounding island of San Crist√≥bal also declined immediately after the spill, probably in part because such boats were used in clean up operations. During 2001, prices paid to fishers remained stable at levels higher than in 2000, with the notable anomaly that prices fell precipitously to 30% of previous levels during a 1-2 week period in early February 2001. Fish exports remained at similar levels for the years 2000 and 2001; however, as in the previous year, little fish product was exported from Gal√°pagos in the month following the spill, with most fish product dried and stored for up to two months prior to transport to the continent. ¬© 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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