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Balance and Learning: Crucial Elements in Leadership for Democratic Schools


Mulford, WR, Balance and Learning: Crucial Elements in Leadership for Democratic Schools, Leadership and Policy in Schools, 2, (2) pp. 109-124. ISSN 1570-0763 (2003) [Refereed Article]


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The definitive published version is available online at:

DOI: doi:10.1076/lpos.


Using the image of a balance this paper first attempts to demonstrate the importance of major issues, paradoxes, dilemmas, tensions faced by school leaders. It puts the case for greater emphasis on continuity, independence, community and heterogeneity to balance what is seen as the current overemphasis on constant change, dependence, individualism, and homogeneity. Second, a key, our ability to understand, act on and value individual, group and organisational development, or learning, in educational organisations, is offered as a way overcome such imbalances and to better be able to know the crucial elements in leadership for democratic schools. To support the position taken recent research that examines leadership for organisational learning and improved student outcomes is summarised and its implications discussed. Third, and finally, the paper attempts to join together the various elements of balance, organisational learning and leadership in a single developmental model of school leadership.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Specialist studies in education
Research Field:Educational administration, management and leadership
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Schools and learning environments
Objective Field:Policies and development
UTAS Author:Mulford, WR (Professor Bill Mulford)
ID Code:26907
Year Published:2003
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2003-08-01
Last Modified:2010-05-04
Downloads:514 View Download Statistics

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