Artemia and shellfish to phyllosoma larvae of southern rock lobster ( Jasus edwardsii)
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Ritar, AJ and Thomas, CW and Beech, AR, Feeding
Artemia and shellfish to phyllosoma larvae of southern rock lobster ( Jasus edwardsii), Aquculture, 212, (1-4) pp. 179-190. ISSN 0044-8486 (2002) [Refereed Article]
Newly hatched phyllosoma larvae from southern rock lobster (Jasus edwardsii) were grown in culture vessels containing 101 seawater in a flow-through system at 18°C and fed with diets of Artemia sp. and shellfish. The survival and growth of larvae to Stage II were higher when fed with ongrown (1.5 mm long) Artemia enriched with Isochrysis galbana (Tahitian strain) at 3 ml-1 compared to those fed with pieces (0.5-1 mm) of blue mussel (Mytilus edulis planulatus), clam (Katelesia scalarina) or Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) at 0.08 pieces ml-1. There were no differences in survival, size or intermoult interval for newly hatched larvae grown to Stage III when fed with ongrown Artemia only at densities of 1.5, 3 or 6 ml-1 or for Stage III larvae grown to Stage VI when fed with ongrown Artemia at densities of 1.5, 3 or 6 ml-1 plus mussel (0.04 pieces ml-1). Stage VI larvae fed with ongrown Artemia plus mussel (0.08 pieces ml-1) were larger by instar 10 than larvae fed with mussel only (0.08 or 0.16 pieces ml-1). Lower survival became apparent for the mussel-only treatments 205 days after hatch (at Stages IX or X). The pattern of moulting became progressively less synchronised with each successive stage and instar, so that after instar 11 (about Stage IX), it was difficult to discern discrete peaks in the moulting pattern. The first larva reached Stage XI 288 days after hatch. The size of larvae and duration to successive moults, but not survival, were influenced by parent of origin, indicating the importance of selection of broodstock in hatchery rearing. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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