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Rubus anglocandicans (Rosaceae) is the most widespread taxon of European blackberry in Australia


Evans, KJ and Weber, HE, Rubus anglocandicans (Rosaceae) is the most widespread taxon of European blackberry in Australia, Australian Systematic Botany, 16, (4) pp. 527-537. ISSN 1030-1887 (2003) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/SB02037


We identify the most widespread taxon of the Rubus fruticosus L. aggregate in Australia as a biotype of Rubus anglocandicans A. Newton, on the basis of morphological studies and analysis of M13/HaeIII DNA phenotypes using plant material collected from Australia, New Zealand, Europe and North America. Previous literature has confused this taxon with other Rubus taxa, especially R. procerus. We provide a full description and illustration of R. anglocandicans, including diagnostic characters separating it from R. armeniacus (R. procerus auct. mult.) and R. praecox. The morphology of R. anglocandicans in Australia differs slightly from specimens collected in England and it appears to exist as a clonal lineage, with 97% (n = 76) of samples characterised as DNA phenotype A. This taxonomic revision of this 'weed of national significance' will assist land managers in defining the weed problem prior to assessing management options that may vary in efficacy among species of the R. fruticosus agg. Land managers have long assumed that Australia, New Zealand and north-western America share their most widespread biotype of the R. fruticosus agg.; namely, the taxon now known as R. armeniacus. R. armeniacus, DNA phenotype B, was found in Germany, New Zealand and north-western America, but has not been identified in Australia to date.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Evolutionary biology
Research Field:Plant and fungus systematics and taxonomy
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Control of pests, diseases and exotic species in terrestrial environments
UTAS Author:Evans, KJ (Associate Professor Katherine Evans)
ID Code:24242
Year Published:2003
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2003-08-01
Last Modified:2004-04-21

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