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Performance and persistence of worriers and non-worriers following success and failure feedback


Thompson, T and Webber, KM and Montgomery, IM, Performance and persistence of worriers and non-worriers following success and failure feedback, Personality and Individual Differences, 33, (6) pp. 837-848. ISSN 0191-8869 (2002) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00076-9


Worry is a cognitive phenomenon that involves rumination over future events accompanied by feelings of anxiety. This study utilised a 2 (worry status: worrier vs. non-worrier) × 2 (performance feedback: success vs. non-contingent failure) × 2 (strategy advice: advice vs. none) between subjects factorial design to investigate the effects of worry on performance and persistence by manipulating performance feedback and strategy advice. n=48 worriers and n=48 non-worriers completed measures of state anxiety, cognitive interference, and perceptions of performance. Following an induction to make participants believed they had failed on a task, worriers showed poor performance, elevated anxiety, and greater cognitive interference than non-worriers. No evidence of nonproductive persistence was evident for worries given strategy advice. The roles of anticipated difficulty levels, item solubility, problem solving confidence, and the perceived value of dogged persistence are discussed in assessing situational factors conducive to nonproductive persistence. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Social and personality psychology
Research Field:Personality and individual differences
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in human society
UTAS Author:Thompson, T (Dr Ted Thompson)
UTAS Author:Webber, KM (Miss Kathryn Webber)
UTAS Author:Montgomery, IM (Dr Iain Montgomery)
ID Code:24086
Year Published:2002
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2002-08-01
Last Modified:2003-05-08

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