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Incidence and Spatial Distribution of Viruses in Hop Gardens of Washington State


Pethybridge, SJ and Nelson, ME and Eastwell, KC and Klein, RE and Kenny, ST and Wilson, CR, Incidence and Spatial Distribution of Viruses in Hop Gardens of Washington State, Plant Disease, 86, (6) pp. 661-665. ISSN 0191-2917 (2002) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.6.661


The incidences of Hop latent virus (HpLV), Hop mosaic virus (HpMV), and American hop latent virus (AHLV), members of the genus Carlavirus, and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and Apple mosaic virus, members of the genus Ilarvirus, were assessed for two hop cultivars. Horizon and Nugget, in Washington State. The spatial distribution of plants infected by the carlaviruses was assessed in two Horizon gardens in 2000 and one Nugget garden in 1993, 1994, and 1995. In the first Horizon garden (garden 1) and the Nugget garden, plants were separated by 2.1 m within and between rows. In these gardens, cultivation and the wide plant spacing discouraged contact between plants in either direction. In the second Horizon garden (garden 2), plants were separated by 4.3 m between rows and 1.0 m within rows. In all gardens, mechanical operations operated predominantly along rows; however, the closer plant spacing within rows in garden 2 permitted contact between adjacent plants within rows. In both Horizon gardens, the distribution of plants infected with HpMV was aggregated within rows. However, the distribution of plants infected with HpLV and AHLV was strongly influenced by contact between plants. In the Nugget garden, the distribution of plants infected by all three carlaviruses was autocorrelated within rows by 1995.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural production
Research Field:Horticultural crop protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural crops
Objective Field:Horticultural crops not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Pethybridge, SJ (Dr Sarah Pethybridge)
UTAS Author:Wilson, CR (Professor Calum Wilson)
ID Code:23723
Year Published:2002
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2002-08-01
Last Modified:2011-11-24

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