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Mouthpart and foregut ontogeny in phyllosoma larvae of the spiny lobster Jasus edwardsii (Decapoda : Palinuridae)


Johnston, DJ and Ritar, AJ, Mouthpart and foregut ontogeny in phyllosoma larvae of the spiny lobster Jasus edwardsii (Decapoda : Palinuridae), Marine and Freshwater Research, 52, (8) pp. 1375-1386. ISSN 1323-1650 (2001) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/MF01105


Mouthpart and foregut structure indicates that Jasus edwardsii phyllosomas ingest soft fleshy foods such as gelatinous zooplankton. Mouthpart morphology changes little during larval development, indicating that ingestive capabilities and external mastication are well developed from an early age. However, the density and complexity of setation and robustness of individual mouthparts increases with age, suggesting a greater capacity to ingest larger prey during development. The foregut consists of a single chamber with a number of well-developed grooves, ridges, and setae but lacking a gastric mill. The primary role of the foregut is mixing, sorting, and filtering particles, preground by the mouthparts. Phyllosomas have been divided into early (stage I-III), mid (IV-V), and late (VI-X) stages based on the development of the filter press and main brushes. Increasing robustness of setation and complexity of the foregut suggest that the texture of prey becomes more muscular (fibrous) with larval development. The results presented here suggest that early-stage phyllosoma would benefit from a diet comprising soft gelatinous items, whereas late-stage phyllosomas are better prepared to deal with larger, fleshy prey. The changes in structural characteristics with age should also serve as a guide in the development of formulated diets.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - aquaculture not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Johnston, DJ (Dr Danielle Johnston)
UTAS Author:Ritar, AJ (Associate Professor Arthur Ritar)
ID Code:22694
Year Published:2001
Web of Science® Times Cited:39
Deposited By:TAFI - Aquaculture
Deposited On:2001-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-03

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