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Particle transformations and export flux during an in situ iron-stimulated algal bloom in the Southern Ocean


Nodder, SD and Charette, MA and Waite, AM and Trull, T and Boyd, PW and Zeldis, J and Buesseler, KO, Particle transformations and export flux during an in situ iron-stimulated algal bloom in the Southern Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 28, (12) pp. 2409-2412. ISSN 0094-8276 (2001) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1029/2001GL013008


During the first Southern Ocean Iron RElease Experiment (SOIREE), a suite of biogeochemical measurements (water column 234Th and δ13Corg inventories, particle fluxes from sediment traps, phytoplankton sinking rates) were undertaken to test the hypothesis that the vertical export of particulate organic carbon (POC) is enhanced due to iron-induced increases in phytoplankton production. During the 13-days that the SOIREE bloom was monitored, export fluxes within the iron-fertilised patch were not substantially different to those in waters outside the bloom. On days 11-13, iron enrichment may have caused particle transformations that could lead to elevated future export via particle aggregation and/or diatom chain formation. The unknown time-lag between increased production and export, the longevity of the SOIREE bloom, and the absence of nutrient limitation over days 1-13, however, prohibit prediction of any iron-induced export. This conclusion highlights the difficulties of fully testing the "Iron Hypothesis" and for evaluating the implications for global climate change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Measurement and assessment of marine water quality and condition
UTAS Author:Trull, T (Professor Thomas Trull)
ID Code:22387
Year Published:2001
Web of Science® Times Cited:32
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic and Southern Ocean Environm
Deposited On:2001-08-01
Last Modified:2007-11-07

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