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Moult in adult Royal Penguins, Eudyptes schlegel

Citation

Hull, CL and Wilson, J and Le Mar, K, Moult in adult Royal Penguins, Eudyptes schlegel, Emu, 101, (2) pp. 173-176. ISSN 0158-4197 (2001) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/MU00023

Abstract

Mass change during moult was measured in Royal Penguins at Macquarie Island during 1995, in order to estimate the energetic costs and prey-consumption rates required to fuel the moult. Masses of 30 birds were taken during each of the following stages: upon their return from the pre-moult foraging trips; in the middle of the moult; and at the completion of moulting. During the 36-day pre-moult foraging trip individuals increased in mass by 3 kg, accumulating 83.3 g day-1. The moult lasted 28 days and 99% of birds moulted at their breeding sites. During moult birds lost 46-47% of their pre-moult mass, with males expending an estimated 57997 kJ and females 57229 kJ during this period. It was estimated that 1.39 × 107 kg of food are required to fuel this stage in the life cycle of Royal Penguins at Macquarie Island, which therefore constitutes an important component of their overall energy budget.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Wildlife and Habitat Management
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments
Author:Hull, CL (Dr Cindy Hull)
Author:Le Mar, K (Miss Kirsten Le Mar)
ID Code:22361
Year Published:2001
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2001-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-03
Downloads:0

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